Dr. Paul Feldman and his team offer periodontal treatment to those patients who require it. Periodontics refers to the tissue surrounding the teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of these structures, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. In the earliest stages of periodontal disease, gingivitis, the infection affects the gums. In the more severe forms of periodintitis and periodontitis, all of the tissues can become involved.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is most commonly caused by the bacteria in dental plaque. Plaque is the sticky substance that forms on your teeth soon after you have brushed them. In an effort to get rid of the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that inflame and damage the gums, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums. Damage from periodontal disease can also cause teeth to become loose.
You can prevent periodontal disease by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly. Daily brushing and flossing, when done correctly, can help remove most of the plaque from your teeth. Professional cleanings by your dentist or dental hygienist will keep plaque under control in places that are harder for a toothbrush or floss to reach. All in all, proper oral hygiene, daily dental care and regular dental checkups will minimize your risk of gum disease and future periodontal treatment.
Some common problems associated with gum disease:
- “Long” teeth (receding gum lines expose the root portions of your teeth)
- Discolored or deteriorating tooth structure
- Gum depressions (holes in between the teeth in the gum tissue)
- Infected gum line (discoloration or inflammation of the gum tissue)
- Tooth loss or tooth movement
The effects of gum disease can be very damaging to your dental health. However, through proper preventive care and oral hygiene, you can avoid the many problems associated with gum disease.
Unfortunately, periodontal-related problems are often discovered after they have persisted for an extended period of time. If you believe you may be a candidate for periodontal treatment, please contact our office for a periodontal evaluation. If Dr. Feldman sees that periodontal treatment is necessary, we will devise an appropriate course of action.
Dr. Paul Feldman specializes in dental care for the whole family, general and cosmetic dentistry and is proud to assist patients in Essex, West Orange, Verona, Livingston, Millburn, Montclair and the surrounding areas in New Jersey.